Artificial light

Artificial light
April 7, 2021 Marmelade-GF974

Electric light is of great importance in design of a dwelling unit. It not only changes a sort of inhabited space, but also visually increases or reduces its sizes, divides a premise into working areas.
Except creation of illusions, concealed light is used as a constant element of an interior in the premises demanding of uniform light exposure, for example, in offices. In sleeping rooms application of soft, uniform, not blinding illumination, is the best exit for creation of the comfortable conditions, helping to relax and well to have a rest.
Receptions of a shone ceiling. In this case light proceeds from hidden for glass stained-glass windows luminescent or галогенных lamps. Such design of a ceiling allows to create sensation of top natural light, and also visually to increase a floor-to-ceiling height, to remove weight of low floorings. Especially it is actual for dark (without windows) close premises of vestibules, bathrooms and kitchens. Depending on what forms to give to partitionings of such ceiling and what glass to apply (colour, corrugated, dairy or transparent), it is possible to receive various variants registration.
One more variant of use of concealed light are illuminations of alcoves, working surfaces of kitchen, capacities for storage, clothes and every possible cases. In the latter case translucent glass doors are used. Illumination is built in in such case sideways or from above, and sometimes and from below. The usual clothes or a case becomes simultaneously and original the lamps, shining a sleeping room or kitchen. It is very effective reception allowing in a new fashion to look at habitual things and surrounding space.
Illuminations in alcoves in architectonic practice are used often enough and concern zone illumination.
Often concealed illumination is applied to allocation of separate subjects of an interior: pictures, sculptures, vases, book shelves, etc. Focusing attention to concrete subjects, concealed light helps to muffle a background, to smooth the form and colour of component parts of an interior, to concentrate a sight to the main thing.
At installation of concealed light to shine it is possible only well trimmed surface without cracks and other defects as such illumination instantly underlines all defects.
Hall illumination
Vestibule the—first premise of a dwelling unit. From it there is an impression about home unit and about owners. It as though the dwelling unit card. Moreover, the vestibule creates a spirit of an expected cosiness, transition from a business spirit to leisure time activities. Both the design of a hall, and the light decision should correspond to general style of other premises of a dwelling unit.
The hall functional purpose should contain in itself the maximum amenities. Features of a traditional hall – in it day illumination practically does not arrive. Therefore all loading lays down on artificial illumination. The main condition – the vestibule should be brightly shined, especially in the afternoon when rooms are filled by a bright sunlight. Then there will be no sharp change of light exposure at transition in other room.
The hall top light usually proceeds from a suspended luminaire. Though recently in a fashion shone ceilings, with recessed lighting fittings. But it is not enough for a hall. Additional lamps – a wing-bar, lamps – are good illumination, for example, at a mirror. They in regular intervals disseminate light on all premise. But its basic direction – an upper part of walls and a ceiling. If to give lateral illumination of walls walls should be ideally smooth because at lateral light the slightest unevennesses come to light.
Lateral light is not recommended to be applied at refinishing of walls by a relief material as there are the shades concealing beauty of refinishing and doing walls grey, gloomy.
Wall lamps should fasten at level not below two metres from a floor Then light will cover all space of a hall. Today in a fashion крепить lamps endways on a smooth surface. Light exposure not only doubles, but also differently is distributed in hall space. But the main thing here that the light stream did not prevent the person to see the reflexion. If the mirror is not independent, illumination can be organised from under an inbuilt corbel. Lamps should be regulated, on flexible mobile shelf brackets.
Wall lamps will approach both for high, and for low vestibules. The main thing that straight light from them did not get to eyes. For большего comfort if there is a possibility, it is possible to use getting light from other premise through a glass door, or the glassed parting wall, or through a wall from modern glass blocks.
Vestibule is most practical to equip with lamps with adjustable light or switches on the basis of detecting devices.
By means of such illumination of walls the narrow vestibule becomes visually wider. And, on the contrary, deepens, lengthens a premise a number of the same wall lamps. If a vestibule small, and ceilings high it is recommended to use wall or surface mounted luminaires with an adjustable corner of turn. When light goes strictly on walls, the ceiling remains in a shade and visually becomes more low. If the vestibule is located by the letter «Г» or in the form of a polyhedron light zoning is required. Illumination of such hall from different foreshortenings will make its unusual and original.
Surface mounted luminaires in a hall should settle down in the centre and have disseminating light.
Kitchen. Illumination on working areas
In many dwelling units the kitchen is shined with a surface mounted luminaire – a plafond. Though this premise demands various light effects. We will begin with a dining table. Here to light the special attention is paid – he should create a cosiness, special mood, clear up appetite and have to dialogue. It is better to shine a table with a surface mounted luminaire, having lowered it as it is possible more low. Then he will create the restrained shined space over a table.
Placing of an illuminating equipment in a lunch working area depends on in what place there is a table.
The kitchen work area has the illumination. It is better to use punctiform lamps with incandescent lamps or lamps. It is better not to overload low ceilings with lighting forms. They can be mounted on all length of kitchen set corbels of the hinged cases entering into the complete set of furniture. If hinged cases do not occupy all wall lamps are mounted on a wall independently. The main thing that they did not drop out of general style of a premise. Usually the sink and a table working surface are shined with fluorescent lamps.
The distance between lamps should make 650-800 mm. If the work area is shined with overhead suspension rods of a type of the star sky the distance between lamps decreases to 400мм. More convenient and mobile variant – lamps on “clothespins”. The main thing – that the incident light as much as possible covered work table and sink area.
The recreation area in wide kitchens demands the illumination. Disseminating soft light of a stand lamp will promote your leisure time activities and to have to conversation. Concealed light does not hurt the eyes and promotes fuller room illumination. In a word, it is necessary to think over well a site and brightness of each lighting device.
Drawing room. It is more than light
This vacation spot, conversations, for celebratory feasts and reception of visitors. The given premise speaks about much, and the main thing – about owners of a dwelling unit, their tastes, the status and style of a life. But, you see, even at a refined interior and design the premise will not be warm and light if not to issue competently light illumination. It will strengthen contrast of component parts, will allocate graceful subjects, furniture, pictures. It would Seem, monotonous light will shine all drawing room. But it not so. First, monotonous artificial light does not give the necessary effect. In – the second, it equally highlights everything, including defects of repair, “grey” subjects.
Competently placed light accents give this or that charm, and also completeness of a general composition of a drawing room.
In a recreation area it will be pertinent to combine concealed light in corbels under a ceiling with a chandelier and a wing-bar. At a meeting of visitors or during celebratory events all illumination joins, especially solemn conditions and good mood are thus created. During leisure time activities it is possible to involve concealed illumination which will create uniform, absent-minded, pleasant illumination for eyes, or to include a stand lamp and a wing-bar.
If in a drawing room some working areas are consolidated: a dining room, kitchen and a recreation area the light composition can include a smart valance lighting in the form of a chandelier, concealed light in the form of illumination on the perimetre, hidden in a corbel, and also punctiform light – wall wing-bars, a stand lamp.